IMOmath

Geometry

1. (29 p.)
Assume that all sides of the convex hexagon \( ABCDEF \) are equal and the opposite sides are parallel. Assume further that \( \angle FAB = 120^o \). The \( y \)-coordinates of \( A \) and \( B \) are 0 and 2 respectively, and the \( y \)-coordinates of the other vertices are 4, 6, 8, 10 in some order. The area of \( ABCDEF \) can be written as \( a\sqrt b \) for some integers \( a \) and \( b \) such that \( b \) is not divisible by a perfect square other than 1. Find \( a+b \).

2. (31 p.)
Let \( BC \) be a chord of length 6 of a circle with center \( O \) and radius 5. Point \( A \) is on the circle, closer to \( B \) that to \( C \), such that there is a unique chord \( AD \) which is bisected by \( BC \). If \( \sin\angle AOB=\frac pq \) with \( q>0 \) and \( \gcd(p,q)=1 \), find \( p+q \).

3. (8 p.)
A right circular cylinder has a diameter 12. Two plane cut the cylinder, the first perpendicular to the axis and the second at a \( 45^o \) angle to the first, so that the line of intersection of the two planes touches the cylinder at a single point. The two cuts remove a wedge from the cylinder. If \( V \) is the volume of the wedge calculate \( V/\pi \).

4. (10 p.)
Let \( K \) and \( M \) be the points on the sides \( AB \) and \( AC \), respectively, of an equilateral triangle \( ABC \) such that \( BK=10 \), \( MK=12 \), and \( MC=8 \). Then the side of the triangle \( ABC \) is equal to \( p+\sqrt q \) for some integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

5. (20 p.)
The area of the triangle \( ABC \) is 70. The coordinates of \( B \) and \( C \) are \( (12,19) \) and \( (23,20) \), respectively, and the coordinates of \( A \) are \( (p,q) \). The line containing the median to side BC has slope -5. Find the largest possible value of p+q.





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