IMOmath

Geometry

1. (15 p.)
Let \( ABC \) be a rectangular triangle such that \( \angle C=90^o \) and \( AC = 7 \), \( BC = 24 \). Let \( M \) be the midpoint of \( AB \) and \( D \) point on the same side of \( AB \) as \( C \) such that \( DA = DB = 15 \). The area of the triangle \( CDM \) can be expressed as \( \frac{p\sqrt q}r \) for positive integers \( p \), \( q \), \( r \) such that \( q \) is not divisible by a perfect square and \( (p,r)=1 \). Find area \( p+q+r \).

2. (8 p.)
Let \( X \) be a square of side length 2. Denote by \( S \) the set of all segments of length 2 with endpoints on adjacent sides of \( X \). The midpoints of the segments in \( S \) enclose a region with an area \( A \). Find \( [100A] \).

3. (44 p.)
Let \( \triangle ABC \) have \( AB=6 \), \( BC=7 \), and \( CA=8 \), and denote by \( \omega \) its circumcircle. Let \( N \) be a point on \( \omega \) such that \( AN \) is a diameter of \( \omega \). Furthermore, let the tangent to \( \omega \) at \( A \) intersect \( BC \) at \( T \), and let the second intersection point of \( NT \) with \( \omega \) be \( X \). The length of \( \overline{AX} \) can be written in the form \( \tfrac m{\sqrt n} \) for positive integers \( m \) and \( n \), where \( n \) is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find \( m+n \).

4. (8 p.)
A triangle \( ABC \) has sides 13, 14, 15. The triangle \( ABC \) is rotated about its centroid for an angle of \( 180^0 \) to form a triangle \( A^{\prime}B^{\prime}C^{\prime} \). Find the area of the union of the two triangles.

5. (21 p.)
Let \( K \) and \( L \) be the points on the sides \( AB \) and \( BC \) of an equilateral triangle \( ABC \) such that \( AK=5 \) and \( CL=2 \). If \( M \) is the point on \( AC \) such that \( \angle KML=60^o \), and if the area of the triangle \( KML \) is equal to \( 14\sqrt3 \) then the side of the triangle \( ABC \) can assume two values \( \frac{a\pm \sqrt b}c \) for some natural numbers \( a \), \( b \), and \( c \). If \( b \) is not divisible by a perfect square other than 1, find the value of \( b \).





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