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General Practice Test
1.
(14 p.)
A bug moves around a triangle wire. At each vertex it has 1/2 chance of moving towards each of the other two vertices. The probability that after crawling along 10 edges it reaches its starting point can be expressed as \( p/q \) for positive relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Determine \( p+q \).
2.
(35 p.)
Let \( \triangle ABC \) have \( AB=6 \), \( BC=7 \), and \( CA=8 \), and denote by \( \omega \) its circumcircle. Let \( N \) be a point on \( \omega \) such that \( AN \) is a diameter of \( \omega \). Furthermore, let the tangent to \( \omega \) at \( A \) intersect \( BC \) at \( T \), and let the second intersection point of \( NT \) with \( \omega \) be \( X \). The length of \( \overline{AX} \) can be written in the form \( \tfrac m{\sqrt n} \) for positive integers \( m \) and \( n \), where \( n \) is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find \( m+n \).
3.
(13 p.)
Let \( \tau (n) \) denote the number of positive divisors of \( n \), including 1 and \( n \). Define \( S(n) \) by \( S(n)=\tau(1)+ \tau(2) + \dots + \tau(n) \). Let \( a \) denote the number of positive integers \( n \leq 2008 \) with \( S(n) \) odd, and let \( b \) denote the number of positive integers \( n \leq 2008 \) with \( S(n) \) even. Find \( ab \).
4.
(28 p.)
Suppose \( m \) and \( n \) are positive integers with \( m> 1 \) such that the domain of the function \( f(x) = \text{arcsin}(\log_{m}(nx)) \) is a closed interval of length \( \frac{1}{2013} \). Let \( S \) be the smallest possible value of \( m+n \). Find the remainder when \( S \) is divided by \( 1000 \).
5.
(7 p.)
The number \[ \frac1{2\sqrt1+1\sqrt 2}+\frac1{3\sqrt2+2\sqrt3}+\frac1{4\sqrt3+3\sqrt4} + \dots + \frac1{100\sqrt{99}+99\sqrt{100}}\] is a rational number. If it is expressed as \( \frac pq \) for two relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \) evaluate \( p+q \).
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