IMOmath

General Practice Test

1. (7 p.)
Two students Alice and Bob participated in a two-day math contest. At the end both had attempted questions worth 500 points. Alice scored 160 out of 300 attempted on the first day and 140 out of 200 attempted on the second day, so her two-day success ratio was 300/500 = 3/5. Bob’s scores are different from Alice’s (but with the same two-day total). Bob had a positive integer score on each day. However, for each day Bob’s success ratio was less than Alice’s. Assume that \( p/q \) (\( p \) and \( q \) are relatively prime integers) is the largest possible two-day success ratio that Bob could have achieved. Calculate \( p+q \).

2. (18 p.)
Consider the polynomial \[ P(x)=(1 + x + x^2 + \dots + x^{17})^2 - x^{17}.\] Assume that the roots of \( P \) are \( x_k=r_k \cdot e^{i2\pi a_k} \), for \( k = 1, 2, ... , 34 \), \( 0 < a_1 \leq a_2 \leq \dots \leq a_{34} < 1 \), and some positive real numbers \( r_k \). The sum \( a_1 + a_2 + a_3 + a_4 + a_5 \) is equal to \( p/q \) for two coprime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Determine \( p+q \).

3. (7 p.)
Let \( ABCD \) be a convex quadrilateral such that \( AB\perp BC \), \( AC\perp CD \), \( AB=18 \), \( BC=21 \), \( CD=14 \). Find the perimeter of \( ABCD \).

4. (44 p.)
Let \( \triangle ABC \) have \( AB=6 \), \( BC=7 \), and \( CA=8 \), and denote by \( \omega \) its circumcircle. Let \( N \) be a point on \( \omega \) such that \( AN \) is a diameter of \( \omega \). Furthermore, let the tangent to \( \omega \) at \( A \) intersect \( BC \) at \( T \), and let the second intersection point of \( NT \) with \( \omega \) be \( X \). The length of \( \overline{AX} \) can be written in the form \( \tfrac m{\sqrt n} \) for positive integers \( m \) and \( n \), where \( n \) is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find \( m+n \).

5. (21 p.)
Let \( f:\mathbb N\rightarrow\mathbb R \) be the function defined by \( f(1) = 1 \), \( f(n) = n/10 \) if \( n \) is a multiple of 10 and \( f(n) = n+1 \) otherwise. For each positive integer \( m \) define the sequence \( x_1 \), \( x_2 \), \( x_3 \), ... by \( x_1 = m \), \( x_{n+1} = f(x_n) \). Let \( g(m) \) be the smallest \( n \) such that \( x_n = 1 \). (Examples: \( g(100) = 3 \), \( g(87) = 7 \).) Denote by \( N \) be the number of positive integers \( m \) such that \( g(m) = 20 \). The number of distinct prime factors of \( N \) is equal to \( 2^u\cdot v \) for two non-negative integers \( u \) and \( v \) such that \( v \) is odd. Determine \( u+v \).





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