IMOmath

Geometry

1. (12 p.)
Let \( ABC \) be a triangle with sides 3, 4, 5 and \( DEFG \) a \( 6 \times 7 \) rectangle. A line divides \( \triangle ABC \) into a triangle \( T_1 \) and a trapezoid \( R_1 \). Another line divides the rectangle \( DEFG \) into a triangle \( T_2 \) and a trapezoid \( R_2 \), in such a way \( T_1\sim T_2 \) and \( R_1\sim R_2 \). The smallest possible value for the area of \( T_1 \) can be expressed as \( p/q \) for two relatively prime positive integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

2. (14 p.)
Let \( A,B,C \) be points in the plane such that \( AB=25 \), \( AC=29 \), and \( 45^\circ< \angle BAC< 90^\circ \). Semicircles with diameters \( \overline{AB} \) and \( \overline{AC} \) intersect at a point \( P \) with \( AP=20 \). Find the length of line segment \( \overline{BC} \).

3. (7 p.)
Let \( K \) and \( M \) be the points on the sides \( AB \) and \( AC \), respectively, of an equilateral triangle \( ABC \) such that \( BK=10 \), \( MK=12 \), and \( MC=8 \). Then the side of the triangle \( ABC \) is equal to \( p+\sqrt q \) for some integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

4. (56 p.)
Let \( \triangle ABC \) be a triangle with \( AB=13 \), \( BC=14 \), and \( CA=15 \). Let \( O \) denote its circumcenter and \( H \) its orthocenter. The circumcircle of \( \triangle AOH \) intersects \( AB \) and \( AC \) at \( D \) and \( E \) respectively. Suppose \( \tfrac{AD}{AE}=\tfrac mn \) where \( m \) and \( n \) are positive relatively prime integers. Find \( m-n \).

5. (9 p.)
Given a rhombus \( ABCD \), the circumradii of the triangles \( ABD \) and \( ACD \) are 12.5 and 25. Find the area of \( ABCD \).





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