IMOmath

Geometry

1. (25 p.)
Let \( ABC \) be a triangle with sides 3, 4, 5 and \( DEFG \) a \( 6 \times 7 \) rectangle. A line divides \( \triangle ABC \) into a triangle \( T_1 \) and a trapezoid \( R_1 \). Another line divides the rectangle \( DEFG \) into a triangle \( T_2 \) and a trapezoid \( R_2 \), in such a way \( T_1\sim T_2 \) and \( R_1\sim R_2 \). The smallest possible value for the area of \( T_1 \) can be expressed as \( p/q \) for two relatively prime positive integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

2. (8 p.)
Let \( \alpha \) be the angle between vectors \( \vec a \) and \( \vec b \) with \( |\vec a|=2 \) and \( |\vec b|=3 \), given that the vectors \( \vec m=2\vec a-\vec b \) and \( \vec n=\vec a+5\vec b \) are orthogonal. If \( \cos\alpha=\frac pq \) with \( q>0 \) and \( \gcd(p,q)=1 \), compute \( p+q \).

3. (16 p.)
Let \( X \) be a square of side length 2. Denote by \( S \) the set of all segments of length 2 with endpoints on adjacent sides of \( X \). The midpoints of the segments in \( S \) enclose a region with an area \( A \). Find \( [100A] \).

4. (19 p.)
Given a rhombus \( ABCD \), the circumradii of the triangles \( ABD \) and \( ACD \) are 12.5 and 25. Find the area of \( ABCD \).

5. (30 p.)
Let \( ABC \) be a rectangular triangle such that \( \angle C=90^o \) and \( AC = 7 \), \( BC = 24 \). Let \( M \) be the midpoint of \( AB \) and \( D \) point on the same side of \( AB \) as \( C \) such that \( DA = DB = 15 \). The area of the triangle \( CDM \) can be expressed as \( \frac{p\sqrt q}r \) for positive integers \( p \), \( q \), \( r \) such that \( q \) is not divisible by a perfect square and \( (p,r)=1 \). Find area \( p+q+r \).





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