IMOmath

Geometry

1. (9 p.)
Let \( X \) be a square of side length 2. Denote by \( S \) the set of all segments of length 2 with endpoints on adjacent sides of \( X \). The midpoints of the segments in \( S \) enclose a region with an area \( A \). Find \( [100A] \).

2. (7 p.)
Let \( K \) and \( M \) be the points on the sides \( AB \) and \( AC \), respectively, of an equilateral triangle \( ABC \) such that \( BK=10 \), \( MK=12 \), and \( MC=8 \). Then the side of the triangle \( ABC \) is equal to \( p+\sqrt q \) for some integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

3. (6 p.)
A right circular cylinder has a diameter 12. Two plane cut the cylinder, the first perpendicular to the axis and the second at a \( 45^o \) angle to the first, so that the line of intersection of the two planes touches the cylinder at a single point. The two cuts remove a wedge from the cylinder. If \( V \) is the volume of the wedge calculate \( V/\pi \).

4. (61 p.)
Let \( \triangle ABC \) be a triangle with \( AB=13 \), \( BC=14 \), and \( CA=15 \). Let \( O \) denote its circumcenter and \( H \) its orthocenter. The circumcircle of \( \triangle AOH \) intersects \( AB \) and \( AC \) at \( D \) and \( E \) respectively. Suppose \( \tfrac{AD}{AE}=\tfrac mn \) where \( m \) and \( n \) are positive relatively prime integers. Find \( m-n \).

5. (15 p.)
Let \( A,B,C \) be points in the plane such that \( AB=25 \), \( AC=29 \), and \( 45^\circ< \angle BAC< 90^\circ \). Semicircles with diameters \( \overline{AB} \) and \( \overline{AC} \) intersect at a point \( P \) with \( AP=20 \). Find the length of line segment \( \overline{BC} \).





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