IMOmath

Algebra

1. (4 p.)
The set \( A \) consists of \( m \) consecutive integers with sum \( 2m \). The set \( B \) consists of \( 2m \) consecutive integers with sum \( m \). The difference between the largest elements of \( A \) and \( B \) is 99. Find \( m \).

2. (40 p.)
Define a function \(f:\mathbb{Z}\to\mathbb{Z}\) such that \(f(k)=k^2+k+1\) for every integer \(k\). Find the largest positive integer \(n\) such that \[2015f(1^2)f(2^2)\cdots f(n^2)\geq \Big(f(1)f(2)\cdots f(n)\Big)^2.\]

3. (24 p.)
The sequence of complex numbers \( z_0,z_1,z_2,\dots \) is defined by \( z_0=1+i/211 \) and \( z_{n+1}=\frac{z_n+i}{z_n-i} \). If \( z_{2111}=\frac ab+\frac cdi \) for positive integers \( a,b,c,d \) with \( \gcd(a,b)=\gcd(c,d)=1 \), find \( a+b+c+d \).

4. (18 p.)
Let \( a \), \( b \), \( c \), \( d \) be the roots of \( x^4 - x^3 - x^2 - 1 = 0 \). Find \( p(a) + p(b) + p(c) + p(d) \), where \( p(x) = x^6 - x^5 - x^3 - x^2 - x \).

5. (14 p.)
The number \[ \frac1{2\sqrt1+1\sqrt 2}+\frac1{3\sqrt2+2\sqrt3}+\frac1{4\sqrt3+3\sqrt4} + \dots + \frac1{100\sqrt{99}+99\sqrt{100}}\] is a rational number. If it is expressed as \( \frac pq \) for two relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \) evaluate \( p+q \).





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