IMOmath

Algebra

1. (18 p.)
Let \( a \), \( b \), \( c \), \( d \) be the roots of \( x^4 - x^3 - x^2 - 1 = 0 \). Find \( p(a) + p(b) + p(c) + p(d) \), where \( p(x) = x^6 - x^5 - x^3 - x^2 - x \).

2. (30 p.)
Let \( a \) and \( b \) be positive real numbers such that \( ab=2 \) and \[\dfrac{a}{a+b^2}+\dfrac{b}{b+a^2}=\dfrac78.\] Find \( a^6+b^6 \).

3. (24 p.)
The sequence of complex numbers \( z_0,z_1,z_2,\dots \) is defined by \( z_0=1+i/211 \) and \( z_{n+1}=\frac{z_n+i}{z_n-i} \). If \( z_{2111}=\frac ab+\frac cdi \) for positive integers \( a,b,c,d \) with \( \gcd(a,b)=\gcd(c,d)=1 \), find \( a+b+c+d \).

4. (18 p.)
Find the minimum value of \( \frac{9x^2\sin^2x+4}{x\sin x} \) for \( 0< x< \pi \).

5. (10 p.)
Let \( a \), \( b \), and \( c \) be non-real roots of the polynimal \( x^3+x-1 \). Find \[ \frac{1+a}{1-a}+ \frac{1+b}{1-b}+ \frac{1+c}{1-c}.\]





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